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Dr. Invernizzi served as a: Teacher, Coach, Principal, School Superintendent, College Faculty Member Sponsored Links
Lesson Plan--How to Write One
John Invernizzi, Ph.D.
Writing a lesson plan doesn't have to be complicated. You can learn to write
basic lesson plans or more detailed plans--see both on this site. Adapt lesson plans to fit your school's format. Note: Viewing a variety of lesson plans makes writing your plans easier by exposing you to different ideas and formats.
Lesson Plan Writing
My Lesson Plans
1. Start by selecting a topic for your lesson (and subject and grade level). Topic=Maps -in this sample
2. Identify your state standards. (Find your applicable state standards) Geography 7.1.3 - in this sample
3. State your objectives for your lesson. What do you want to accomplish? "As a result of today's lesson, the student...World map." - in this sample
Be Creative! Writing down what you are going to do is relatively easy. Doing it in a way the students will enjoy and learn involves being creative!
4. What procedures will you follow? How will you conduct the lesson? "Introduce the lesson..." - in this sample
5. What materials will you need for this lesson? Textbook, maps, colored pencils - in this sample
6. How much time will you need to accomplish your objectives? 20 minutes - in this sample
7. How will you evaluate the lesson? "Locate the...on the map." - in this sample
8. Follow-up: What will you do next? "Review this...and...countries." - in this sample
This is how to formulate the basic lesson plan below
Basic Lesson Plan (with content that could be modified or changed; lesson plans can vary by grade level, subject, school district)
This is a simple example for illustration purposes.
Class: Social Studies
Grade Level: 2
Teacher: Ms. Temprament
Standards: State Standards: Geography 7.1.3-A. Identify geographic tools and their uses. Characteristics and purposes of different geographic representations-Maps and basic map elements.
Objective(s): As a result of today's lesson, the students will be able to locate the United States on a World map.
Procedure: 1. Introduce the lesson by showing the children a large map projected on the screen
2. Ask if any of the students know where the United States is located on the World map. Have them raise their hands to confirm.
3. Have the students follow on their textbook map, p.508 "World Map."
4. Pass out a world map blank.
5. Have each student locate the United States on the map. First have them try individually (with clues), then have them pair up if some
6. Have them color-in the United States with colored pencils. Make sure to point out the location of Alaska and Hawaii.
7. More details....
8. Other details......
Materials: "Our World Today"-textbook, world blank map, colored pencils
Time: 20 minutes
Evaluation/Assessment: At the end of class, every student should be able to locate (point out) the United States on the projector map in front of the class.
Follow-up: Review this lesson tomorrow, and then proceed with locating other countries.
Detailed Lesson Plan
APA Style: Invernizzi, J. (2011). "Lesson Plan." Retrieved (updated) July 18, 2012, from EducationDx, USA. Web site: http://www.educationdx.com/lesson-plan.html.
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A lesson plan comes in handy, reminding us what we need to bring to class to accomplish our goals. It is a map of where we need to go and how to get there. Even an experienced traveler, who has been to a place many times, sometimes needs reminded of where to go, why we are going there, and how much time we have to get there. Lesson plans give us structure and keep us on task.
Sometimes there are unexpected interruptions when teaching a class, and even an experienced teacher can get off track. A lesson plan can help guide us through the lesson, and remind us what to cover when we need it, i.e., specific learning objectives that are measurable and in line with district and state standards.
Student teachers and new teachers need more detail in their plans. As you gain experience and confidence, you will probably include less. But don't forget about the substitute teacher who fills in for you when you are absent. More details are helpful and appreciated.
Ask a colleague or do a search! Although you will probably want to custom make your lesson plans, there are many free commercial lesson plans that you can use. You can use them as is or modify them to fit your particular topic/subject.
Look at different plans to get some ideas and to compare.